With flexible insulin regimens and insulin pumps, what a person with type 1 diabetes can eat can be more flexible and tailored towards individual needs and general good nutrition advice. It is very important to understand the effect of carbohydrates on blood sugar levels and how to count carbohydrates to accurately calculate insulin doses with meals. Some people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes may be tempted to cut carbohydrates out of their diet. As carbohydrates are an important source of fuel for energy it is important to include them in appropriate portions as discussed with your Dietitian. It is recommended to make healthier carbohydrate choices such as wholegrain breads and pasta, high fiber fruits and vegetables, unsweetened yogurt and milks or dairy alternatives.
No two people with diabetes are the same, and this is especially true with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes where age and weight may vary considerably. Our advice is to make healthier choices more often, increase consumption of fresh vegetables and fruit, eliminate highly processed foods, and choose sweet treats less often and in small portions. Try and make changes to your diet that are realistic, so they are sustainable in the long term. Meeting with a Registered Dietitian is important to develop a meal plan that suits your individual needs and goals.
Rather than cutting these foods out completely try limiting the amount of these foods you consume to keep you blood sugar in range.
There are 3 different types of Carbs
Both simple sugars and starches will raise blood sugar levels, but fiber does not.
There is not a specific amount of carbohydrates a person should eat every day although it is recommended generally that if you previously had a diet high in carbohydrates (simple sugars and starches) that you look to reduce the amount for better blood sugar control as this has a significant impact on your sugar levels. The amount of carbohydrates you eat should be calculated based on your age, activity and both blood sugar and weight goals
Lack of time and planning can make healthy eating a challenge with diabetes, Meal planning is an important skill to learn what is best to eat and when. There are several ways you can meal plan to make sure you are eating the right foods and the right amounts every day. Before you choose a method of meal planning, there are few things you can do. These can help you choose the method that works best for you.
It is recommended to make changes to what you are eating gradually. Do not change everything all at once! Implement small sustainable changes each week until you reach your goals.
A single portion of food does not always equal a single serving of food. A portion is the amount of food you decide to eat, it can be large or small you decide. A serving is a simply a premeasured amount of food With the average size of portions increasing over time, foods that come in single portions can contain multiple serving for example a single bag of Doritos- which is usually treated as one portion- can have 3.5 servings in it. it is important to always check the Nutrition label on the back of a food label for the correct serving size.
Meal Planning with the Plate Method
American Diabetes Association:Food Hub
Food Network:Diabetes Freindly Recipes
Carbs & Calorie counter: available at Hilton Hills Diabetes Center