Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during the second or third trimester of pregnancy. Between 3 – 20% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.
In most cases women with gestational diabetes did not have diabetes before their pregnancy; however after giving birth, the diabetes usually goes away.
During pregnancy along with other changes your body increases in hormone production. These changes can make your body's cells less sensitive to insulin, increasing your chance of becoming insulin resistant and some women do not produce enough insulin to overcome this. This makes it more difficult for your body to control blood sugar causing your blood sugar levels to rise which leads to the development of Gestational diabetes.
Risk factors for Gestational Diabetes are similar to those for Type 2 diabetes:
Some of the symptoms of diabetes are similar to those experienced normally during pregnancy, your medical history and risk factors will tell your doctor if you are likely to develop Gestational Diabetes. If you have previously been diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes your doctor will screen you at the beginning of your pregnancy.
Most women with Gestational Diabetes have a normal pregnancy and birth but, in some cases, there can be complications for both mother and newborn:
You can do a lot to manage your Gestational diabetes.
Treatment aims to maintain blood sugar around normal levels and can include